Portrait of Peter the Great. Ivan Nikitich NIKITIN

Ivan Nikitich NIKITIN (c.1680-1742)

The work of Ivan Nikitin played an important role in the establishment of eighteenth century Russian portraiture as an artistic phenomenon of not merely national but also European significance. This fact became abundantly plain at the International Portrait Exhibition mounted in the Pushkin Fine Arts Museum in Moscow in 1972.

Bust of an Unknown Man. Bartolomeo Carlo RASTRELLI

Bartolomeo Carlo RASTRELLI (1675-1744)

Bartolomeo Carlo Rastrelli was one of several artists whose talent flourished in Russia. During the early part of Rastrelli’s stay there, he profited from the times themselves, when, as Pushkin said, “young Russia came of age with Peter’s genius”. The sculptor’s extraordinary gifts found fecund soil there for their development and proliferation; they were enriched, …

Vladimir and Rogneda. Anton Pavlovich LOSENKO

Anton Pavlovich LOSENKO (1737-1773)

Anton Losenko was born in the Ukrainian town of Glukhovo, into the family of a peasant. At the age of seven, having a good voice and musical ear, he was taken into the court choir in St. Petersburg. In 1753 he and his friendsI. Sablukov and K. Golovachevsky renounced this career because their voices broke, …

. Fedot Ivanovich SHUBIN

Fedot Ivanovich SHUBIN (1740-1805)

The work of Fedot Shubin, like that of all the greatest eighteenth century masters, does not belong only to its own age. Covering a broad range of genres—portrait, monumental and decorative sculpture, bas-relief—it achieves such psychological depth and plastic perfection, especially in his portraits, that Shubin can be considered one of the great masters of …

Portrait of V.I. Maikov. Fyodor Stepanovich ROKOTOV

Fyodor Stepanovich ROKOTOV (1735-1808)

For a long time the life of Fyodor Rokotov, the most poetic portraitist of the eighteenth century, remained a riddle. Having been very famous during his life, Rokotov was forgotten for a whole century after his death, and it was only this century that his name was restored to its rightful place in the history …

V.L. Borovikovsky. Portrait of D. G. LEVITSKY

Dmitry Grigorievich LEVITSKY (1735-1822)

Dmitry Levitsky was one of the most important and versatile artists of the eighteenth century. His brilliant, refined portraits most fully reflected the philosophical and aesthetic conceptions of the second half of the century, and the age’s belief in the power of a reason and the integrity and nobility of human nature.

I.V. Bugayevsky-Blagodarny. Portrait of V. L. Borovikovsky

Vladimir Lukich BOROVIKOVSKY (1757-1825)

Vladimir Borovikovsky, one of the talented and original artists of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, was born in Mirgorod, in the Ukraine. His father was a Cossack, and almost all the members of his family served in the Mirgorod regiment. Following the family tradition, Vladimir went into military service, but having attained the …

The Vigil of Alexander of Macedon. Mikhail Ivanovich KOZLOVSKY

Mikhail Ivanovich KOZLOVSKY (1753-1802)

Though an artist of great versatility, it was particularly in sculpture that Mikhail Kozlovsky made a name for himself. He was born into the family of a military musician. The boy’s precocious talent for drawing prompted his parents to send him to the Academy of Arts. Here he entered the sculpture class and was taught …

Tombstone for M.P. Sobakina. Ivan Petrovich MARTOS

Ivan Petrovich MARTOS (1752-1835)

Ivan Martos was born in the village of Ichne in the Chernigov region of the Ukraine. At the age of twelve he was sent to the Academy of Arts, where for eight years he studied sculpture under Nicolas Gillet and drawing under Anton Losenko. Graduating from the Academy with a gold medal, he went to …