• Fyodor Petrovich TOLSTOY (1783-1873)

    Fyodor Tolstoy, one of the most interesting and original artists of the first half of last cen­tury, was born in St. Petersburg into the family of the head of the War Commissariat, and—as was customary then—was immediately regis­tered as sergeant to the Preobrazhensky regi­ment. His parents, who envisaged their son be­coming a military man, sent …

  • Mstislav Valerianovich DOBUZHINSKY (1875-1957)

    Mstislav Dobuzhinsky belonged to the mag­nificent cluster of artists which formed around the ‘World of Art’ society at the turn of the cen­tury. As a graphic artist and theatrical designer, Dobuzhinsky was one of the most important members of the group.

  • Karl Pavlovich BRYULLOV (1799-1852) and his artworks

    The Great Karl, he was called by his contemporaries. His masterpiece, The Last Day of Pompeii, an enormous composition painted in Italy in 1830—1833, was a real triumph. Italian critics compared Bryullov to the greatest artists of the past, such as Rubens, Rembrandt, and Van Dyke. At the age of thirty three, Bryullov gained European …

  • Ivan Konstantinovich AIVAZOVSKY (1817-1900)

    The work of Ivan Aivazovsky, who won worldwide fame in his own lifetime, can be regarded as a single epic poem of the sea, remarkably integrated in its perception of the world. A retrospective view of his work was given by the Soviet artist Martiros Sarian: ‘His art is the affirmation of man and humanity …